Hazardous substances are within the meaning of the German Chemicals Act (“Gesetz zum Schutz vor gefährlichen Stoffen” – ChemG) hazardous substances and mixtures which have at least one of the following characteristics:
- Physical hazards according to Annex I, Part 2 of the CLP regulation
- Health hazard according to Annex I, Part 3 of the CLP regulation
- Environmental hazards according to Annex I, Part 4 and Part 5 of the CLP regulation
Hazardous substances also include substances to which an occupational exposure limit has been assigned.
The term “hazardous substance” is broadly defined an also includes all substances, mixtures and products that release hazardous substances during manufacture or use. All substances, mixtures and products whose physical-chemical, chemical or toxic characteristics may endanger the health and safety of employees are also considered hazardous substances.
There is also a generalized definition for environmental hazards, according to which substances or mixtures are dangerous for the environment and thus hazardous substances, in that the “themselves or their transformation products are otherwise suitable for changing the nature of the natural balance, of water, soil or air, climate, animals, plants or microorganisms in such a way that dangers to the environment can be caused immediately or later”.
Source: Law for the protection against hazardous substances (German Chemicals Act)